A cast consists of stockinette, padding, casting bandages and covering bandages, if necessary.
Stockinette and padding should exceed the planned borders of the cast by 10 and 5cm respectively. After the plaster or fibreglass rolls are wrapped, one trims and folds down padding and stockinette at both ends. It is secured under the last layer of fibreglass or plaster. So padded borders are made.
Folding down stockinette and padding below the knee for a short leg cast.
Before use, the rolls of plaster or fibreglass are dipped in water and soaked completely. In the case of plaster it is suggested to include longuettes in the cast. These are 4-6 layers of plaster bandages, which are applied as splint after dipping in water. One can put them on the padding or on the first plaster layer. Longuettes fortify the cast, so less circular bandages are needed and the cast will be lighter. In the case of fibreglass a longuette is only on the sole of a walking cast necessary.
The cast must fit the shape of the injured arm or leg correctly to provide the best possible support. All the wrinkles should be smoothed carefully out. Finally, padding and stockinette are folded down and secured under the last layer of casting bandage. Before the material is set further corrections can be done.
See the characteristics of applying special types of casts.